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On the fine structure of medium energy electron fluxes in theauroral zone and related effects in the ionospheric D-region

Hargreaves, J. K and Birch, M. J and Evans, D. S (2010) On the fine structure of medium energy electron fluxes in theauroral zone and related effects in the ionospheric D-region. Annales Geophysicae.

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    This study is based on measurements of trapped and precipitated electrons of energy >30 keV and >100 keV observed by polar orbiting environmental satellites during overpasses of the imaging riometer at Kilpisj¨arvi, Finland. The satellites are in sun-synchronous orbits of about 850 km altitude, recording the electron fluxes at 2-s time resolution. The riometer measures the radiowave absorption at 38.2 MHz, showing the spatial pattern within a 240 km field of view. The analysis has focussed on two areas. Having found a close correlation between the radiowave absorption and the medium-energy electron fluxes during satellite overpasses, empirical relationships are derived, enabling one quantity to be predicted from the other for three sectors of local time. It is shown that small-scale variations observed during a pass are essentially spatial rather than temporal. Other properties, such as the spectra and the relation between precipitated and trapped components, are also considered in the light of the theory of pitch angle scattering by VLF waves. It is found that the properties and behaviour depend strongly on the time of day. In the noon sector, the precipitated and trapped fluxes are highly correlated through a square law relationship. Keywords. Magnetospheric physics (Auroral phenomena; Energetic particles, precipitating; Energetic particles, trapped).

    Type du document: Article
    Sujets: Articles > Sciences fondamentales
    Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
    Déposé par: Editeur UVT
    Date de dépôt: 30 Mar 2011 13:07
    Dernière modification: 30 Mar 2011 13:08

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