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Applying sequential Monte Carlo methods into a distributed hydrologic model: lagged particle filtering approach with regularization

Kim, S and Shiiba, M and Tachikawa, Y and Noh, S.J (2011) Applying sequential Monte Carlo methods into a distributed hydrologic model: lagged particle filtering approach with regularization. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences.

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    Data assimilation techniques have received grow- ing attention due to their capability to improve predic- tion. Among various data assimilation techniques, sequen- tial Monte Carlo (SMC) methods, known as “particle fil- ters”, are a Bayesian learning process that has the capabil- ity to handle non-linear and non-Gaussian state-space mod- els. In this paper, we propose an improved particle filter- ing approach to consider different response times of internal state variables in a hydrologic model. The proposed method adopts a lagged filtering approach to aggregate model re- sponse until the uncertainty of each hydrologic process is propagated. The regularization with an additional move step based on the Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods is also implemented to preserve sample diversity under the lagged filtering approach. A distributed hydrologic model, water and energy transfer processes (WEP), is implemented for the sequential data assimilation through the updating of state variables. The lagged regularized particle filter (LRPF) and the sequential importance resampling (SIR) particle filter are implemented for hindcasting of streamflow at the Katsura catchment, Japan. Control state variables for filtering are soil moisture content and overland flow. Streamflow measure- ments are used for data assimilation. LRPF shows consistent forecasts regardless of the process noise assumption, while SIR has different values of optimal process noise and shows sensitive variation of confidential intervals, depending on the process noise. Improvement of LRPF forecasts compared to SIR is particularly found for rapidly varied high flows due to preservation of sample diversity from the kernel, even if particle impoverishment takes place.

    Type du document: Article
    Sujets: Articles > Geosciences
    Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
    Déposé par: Editeur UVT
    Date de dépôt: 14 Nov 2011 14:28
    Dernière modification: 01 Feb 2013 12:40

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